After 10 months of intense combat and a staggering expenditure of ammunition, the war in Ukraine heads into a cold and dark New Year. For Ukraine and its president, Volodymyr Zelenskyy, it is a fight for survival; for Russia and Vladimir Putin, it's a military debacle.
"He understands that this has been a mess," said military scholar Fred Kagan. "I don't think he's accepted that he is defeated, because the essence of being Putin is never accepting that you've been defeated."
Kagan's Institute for the Study of War produces daily maps showing how much ground Russia has been forced to give up since its invasion stalled.